resume & application writing tips
A Curriculum Vitae is a short biography that includes data on your studies and your professional experience. You could call it your business card, which you use to stand out in front of employers. It is basically the story that speaks about you, about your professional history and about your abilities and achievements.
The data you enter will depend on what you are applying for, so be sure to include the most relevant information on your CV to support your request.
How to structure your Curriculum Vitae
Sections that a Curriculum Vitae must have:
● Personal data: Name and surname, ID, place and date of birth, personal address, contact telephone number, email address ...
● Academic training: Studies carried out, indicating dates, center, and place where they have been carried out.
● Complementary training: Studies and seminars that expand and complement your formal training, indicating the dates, the center and the place where they were held.
● Professional Experience: Contracts, agreements and collaborations. Work experience carried out including internships in studies that may be of interest to the company that wishes to hire you. Do not forget to indicate the dates, the company where you worked and the functions and tasks carried out.
● Languages: In this section you will mention the languages you know and your level. If you have obtained a recognized degree, such as the 'First Certificate' in English, that proves your knowledge, indicate it.
● Computer Science: Indicate the computer knowledge you have: operating systems, word processors, spreadsheets, databases, graphic design, internet, etc.
● Other Information of Interest: In this last section, it indicates all those aspects that have not been included yet, such as: Driving license, availability, etc.
The basic rules for a winning Curriculum Vitae
● If possible, try to send the CV in original.
● If it is sent by email, take into account a universal font (helvetica, arial or times new roman), otherwise the person who receives it could have difficulties when reading it.
● Preferably present DIN A4 quality paper - white.
● It must be typed on the computer, without erasures or spelling errors.
● It should have a structure in which it is presented organized and easy to read.
● It should not be more than two pages, preferably one.
● It should not be done with strange fonts, or colors, or that exceed 13 points of font size.
● When attaching a photo in your Curriculum Vitae, it must be recent and represent the position to which you aspire (do not use photographs of parties, walks, etc., no matter how well you have left).
● The CV photograph should not be larger than identity card size.
● Use bold and / or capital letters to highlight the titles / headings although they should not be abused when making your Curriculum Vitae.
● Avoid using lines, boxes, or images that distract attention from the main information in the Curriculum Vitae.
● As advice, we recommend that if you aspire to a creative position, it is better to present your CV in a Book where your work is appreciated.
● It must be accompanied by a cover letter.
● When writing a Curriculum Vitae, verify that it clearly reflects that the requirements and demands of the job position offered are met.
● Describe achievements and skills, always remembering that in your resume you should never lie.
● If you don't have a lot of work experience, you should write down any volunteer experience, internships and other skills you can highlight.
● Use action verbs as “leading”, “driving”, “coordinating”, etc. to describe accomplishments.
● If you have little professional experience, highlight the degree and other studies you have to date.
● Do not include information that is irrelevant, superfluous or out of date.
● Write short, forceful sentences and / or paragraphs, using sentences with very specific information and using effective words to construct them.
● Be brief and concise including only relevant sentences.
● Be very careful about spelling errors when writing your Curriculum Vitae, as these immediately disqualify you.
● Avoid using the personal pronoun 'I', it is understood that the CV is about your training, experience and skills.
● Try to use a formal and polite tone.
Remember that the main objective when writing your Curriculum Vitae is to obtain an interview, and it should highlight the strengths that are perfectly suited to the position you are applying for.